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DARPA Open Catalog Expands Listings to Include Research into Biological and Fundamental Sciences

The DARPA Open Catalog—a six-month-old public web portal that organizes and shares the results of DARPA research—has expanded its research listings to include peer-reviewed publications and other material from the agency’s Biological Technologies Office (BTO) and Defense Sciences Office (DSO). Along with that expansion, the website now offers open source software, peer-reviewed publications and other research materials from most programs in the agency’s Information Innovation Office (I2O) that have public information to share. Finally, the Defense Department (DoD) has selected the Open Catalog as one of two flagship initiatives under the DoD Open Government Plan (OGP) for 2014.
The DARPA Open Catalog—a six-month-old public web portal that organizes and shares the results of DARPA research—has expanded its research listings to include peer-reviewed publications and other material from the agency’s Biological Technologies Office (BTO) and Defense Sciences Office (DSO). Along with that expansion, the website now offers open source software, peer-reviewed publications and other research materials from most programs in the agency’s Information Innovation Office (I2O) that have public information to share. Finally, the Defense Department (DoD) has selected the Open Catalog as one of two flagship initiatives under the DoD Open Government Plan (OGP) for 2014.    Article 
DARPA Open Catalog
ElectRx

President Obama Highlights New DARPA Program Aimed at Developing Novel Therapies Customized to Individual Patients

DARPA’s ElectRx program plans to develop technologies to restore and maintain healthy physiological status through monitoring and targeted regulation of signaling in peripheral nerves that control organ functions. Novel therapies based on targeted stimulation of the peripheral nervous system could promote self-healing, reduce dependence on traditional drugs and provide new treatment options for illnesses. 

The body’s peripheral nervous system constantly monitors the status of internal organs and helps regulate biological responses to infection, injury or other imbalances. When this regulatory process goes awry due to injury or illness, peripheral nerve signals can actually exacerbate a condition, causing pain, inflammation or immune dysfunction.  Article 

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Atoms to Product: Aiming to Make Nanoscale Benefits Life-sized

Shield 

Many common materials exhibit different and potentially useful characteristics when fabricated at extremely small scales—that is, at dimensions near the size of atoms, or a few ten-billionths of a meter. These “atomic scale” or “nanoscale” properties include quantized electrical characteristics, glueless adhesion, rapid temperature changes, and tunable absorption and scattering that, if available in human-scale products and systems, could offer potentially revolutionary defense and commercial capabilities. Two as-yet insurmountable technical challenges, however, stand in the way: Lack of knowledge of how to retain nanoscale properties in materials at larger scales, and lack of assembly capabilities for items between nanoscale and 100 microns—slightly wider than a human hair.  Article

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New Ground X-Vehicle Technology (GXV-T) Program Aims to Break the “More Armor” Paradigm for Protection

Shield 

For the past 100 years of mechanized warfare, protection for ground-based armored fighting vehicles and their occupants has boiled down almost exclusively to a simple equation: More armor equals more protection. Weapons’ ability to penetrate armor, however, has advanced faster than armor’s ability to withstand penetration. As a result, achieving even incremental improvements in crew survivability has required significant increases in vehicle mass and cost. Article 

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CHIKV Challenge Asks Teams to Forecast the Spread of Infectious Disease

CHIKV Challenge 

The Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is on the move. Spread among humans by mosquitoes, and spread across geographic boundaries by humans who travel, the virus—which causes a debilitating illness—is now expanding through the Western Hemisphere. Governments and health organizations could take proactive steps to limit its spread if they had accurate forecasts of where and when it would appear. DARPA’s CHIKV Challenge asks teams to create models to deliver such forecasts for all of the countries and territories in the Americas and the Caribbean over a six-month period starting in September 2014. The winning team will take home $150,000, with additional cash prizes for runners-up. Full details, rules, and registration instructions for the Challenge are available at: http://www.innocentive.com/DARPAChikvChallenge. Article

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SyNAPSE Program Develops Advanced Brain-Inspired Chip

A circuit board contains 16 of the new brain-inspired chips, in 4 X 4 array, along with some interface hardware. The board is being used to rapidly analyze high-resolutions images.  Courtesy: IBM 

DARPA-funded researchers have developed one of the world’s largest and most complex computer chips ever produced—one whose architecture is inspired by the neuronal structure of the brain and requires only a fraction of the electrical power of conventional chips. Article

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